BETA: a couchdb plugin for dokku

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Official CouchDB plugin for dokku. Currently defaults to installing CouchDB 2.3.1.


  • dokku 0.12.x+
  • docker 1.8.x


# on 0.12.x+
sudo dokku plugin:install couchdb


couchdb:app-links <app>          List all couchdb service links for a given app
couchdb:backup <name> <bucket> (--use-iam) Create a backup of the couchdb service to an existing s3 bucket
couchdb:backup-auth <name> <aws_access_key_id> <aws_secret_access_key> (<aws_default_region>) (<aws_signature_version>) (<endpoint_url>) Sets up authentication for backups on the couchdb service
couchdb:backup-deauth <name>     Removes backup authentication for the couchdb service
couchdb:backup-schedule <name> <schedule> <bucket> Schedules a backup of the couchdb service
couchdb:backup-schedule-cat <name> Cat the contents of the configured backup cronfile for the service
couchdb:backup-set-encryption <name> <passphrase> Set a GPG passphrase for backups
couchdb:backup-unschedule <name> Unschedules the backup of the couchdb service
couchdb:backup-unset-encryption <name> Removes backup encryption for future backups of the couchdb service
couchdb:clone <name> <new-name>  Create container <new-name> then copy data from <name> into <new-name>
couchdb:connect <name>           NOT IMPLEMENTED
couchdb:create <name>            Create a couchdb service with environment variables
couchdb:destroy <name>           Delete the service, delete the data and stop its container if there are no links left
couchdb:enter <name> [command]   Enter or run a command in a running couchdb service container
couchdb:exists <service>         Check if the couchdb service exists
couchdb:export <name> > <file>   Export a dump of the couchdb service database
couchdb:expose <name> [port]     Expose a couchdb service on custom port if provided (random port otherwise)
couchdb:import <name> < <file>   Import a dump into the couchdb service database
couchdb:info <name>              Print the connection information
couchdb:link <name> <app>        Link the couchdb service to the app
couchdb:linked <name> <app>      Check if the couchdb service is linked to an app
couchdb:list                     List all couchdb services
couchdb:logs <name> [-t]         Print the most recent log(s) for this service
couchdb:promote <name> <app>     Promote service <name> as COUCHDB_URL in <app>
couchdb:restart <name>           Graceful shutdown and restart of the couchdb service container
couchdb:start <name>             Start a previously stopped couchdb service
couchdb:stop <name>              Stop a running couchdb service
couchdb:unexpose <name>          Unexpose a previously exposed couchdb service
couchdb:unlink <name> <app>      Unlink the couchdb service from the app
couchdb:upgrade <name>           Upgrade service <service> to the specified version


# create a couchdb service named lolipop
dokku couchdb:create lolipop

# you can also specify the image and image
# version to use for the service
# it *must* be compatible with the
# couchdb image
export COUCHDB_IMAGE="couchdb"
dokku couchdb:create lolipop

# you can also specify custom environment
# variables to start the couchdb service
# in semi-colon separated form
export COUCHDB_CUSTOM_ENV="USER=alpha;HOST=beta"
dokku couchdb:create lolipop

# get connection information as follows
dokku couchdb:info lolipop

# you can also retrieve a specific piece of service info via flags
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --config-dir
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --data-dir
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --dsn
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --exposed-ports
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --id
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --internal-ip
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --links
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --service-root
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --status
dokku couchdb:info lolipop --version

# a bash prompt can be opened against a running service
# filesystem changes will not be saved to disk
dokku couchdb:enter lolipop

# you may also run a command directly against the service
# filesystem changes will not be saved to disk
dokku couchdb:enter lolipop ls -lah /

# a couchdb service can be linked to a
# container this will use native docker
# links via the docker-options plugin
# here we link it to our 'playground' app
# NOTE: this will restart your app
dokku couchdb:link lolipop playground

# the following environment variables will be set automatically by docker (not
# on the app itself, so they won’t be listed when calling dokku config)
# and the following will be set on the linked application by default
#   COUCHDB_URL=couchdb://lolipop:SOME_PASSWORD@dokku-couchdb-lolipop:5984/lolipop
# NOTE: the host exposed here only works internally in docker containers. If
# you want your container to be reachable from outside, you should use `expose`.

# another service can be linked to your app
dokku couchdb:link other_service playground

# since COUCHDB_URL is already in use, another environment variable will be
# generated automatically
#   DOKKU_COUCHDB_BLUE_URL=couchdb://other_service:ANOTHER_PASSWORD@dokku-couchdb-other-service:5984/other_service

# you can then promote the new service to be the primary one
# NOTE: this will restart your app
dokku couchdb:promote other_service playground

# this will replace COUCHDB_URL with the url from other_service and generate
# another environment variable to hold the previous value if necessary.
# you could end up with the following for example:
#   COUCHDB_URL=couchdb://other_service:ANOTHER_PASSWORD@dokku-couchdb-other-service:5984/other_service
#   DOKKU_COUCHDB_BLUE_URL=couchdb://other_service:ANOTHER_PASSWORD@dokku-couchdb-other-service:5984/other_service
#   DOKKU_COUCHDB_SILVER_URL=couchdb://lolipop:SOME_PASSWORD@dokku-couchdb-lolipop:5984/lolipop

# you can also unlink a couchdb service
# NOTE: this will restart your app and unset related environment variables
dokku couchdb:unlink lolipop playground

# you can tail logs for a particular service
dokku couchdb:logs lolipop
dokku couchdb:logs lolipop -t # to tail

# you can dump the database
dokku couchdb:export lolipop > lolipop.dump

# you can import a dump
dokku couchdb:import lolipop < database.dump

# you can clone an existing database to a new one
dokku couchdb:clone lolipop new_database

# finally, you can destroy the container
dokku couchdb:destroy lolipop

Changing database adapter

It's possible to change the protocol for DATABASE_URL by setting the environment variable COUCHDB_DATABASE_SCHEME on the app:

dokku config:set playground COUCHDB_DATABASE_SCHEME=couchdb2
dokku couchdb:link lolipop playground

Will cause COUCHDB_URL to be set as couchdb2://lolipop:SOME_PASSWORD@dokku-couchdb-lolipop:5984/lolipop

CAUTION: Changing COUCHDB_DATABASE_SCHEME after linking will cause dokku to believe the service is not linked when attempting to use dokku couchdb:unlink or dokku couchdb:promote. You should be able to fix this by

  • Changing COUCHDB_URL manually to the new value.


  • Set COUCHDB_DATABASE_SCHEME back to its original setting
  • Unlink the service
  • Change COUCHDB_DATABASE_SCHEME to the desired setting
  • Relink the service


Datastore backups are supported via AWS S3 and S3 compatible services like minio.

You may skip the backup-auth step if your dokku install is running within EC2 and has access to the bucket via an IAM profile. In that case, use the --use-iam option with the backup command.

Backups can be performed using the backup commands:

# setup s3 backup authentication
dokku couchdb:backup-auth lolipop AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY

# remove s3 authentication
dokku couchdb:backup-deauth lolipop

# backup the `lolipop` service to the `BUCKET_NAME` bucket on AWS
dokku couchdb:backup lolipop BUCKET_NAME

# schedule a backup
# CRON_SCHEDULE is a crontab expression, eg. "0 3 * * *" for each day at 3am
dokku couchdb:backup-schedule lolipop CRON_SCHEDULE BUCKET_NAME

# cat the contents of the configured backup cronfile for the service
dokku couchdb:backup-schedule-cat lolipop

# remove the scheduled backup from cron
dokku couchdb:backup-unschedule lolipop

Backup auth can also be set up for different regions, signature versions and endpoints (e.g. for minio):

# setup s3 backup authentication with different region
dokku couchdb:backup-auth lolipop AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY AWS_REGION
# setup s3 backup authentication with different signature version and endpoint
# more specific example for minio auth
dokku couchdb:backup-auth lolipop MINIO_ACCESS_KEY_ID MINIO_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY us-east-1 s3v4 https://YOURMINIOSERVICE

Disabling docker pull calls

If you wish to disable the docker pull calls that the plugin triggers, you may set the COUCHDB_DISABLE_PULL environment variable to true. Once disabled, you will need to pull the service image you wish to deploy as shown in the stderr output.

Please ensure the proper images are in place when docker pull is disabled.


许可证MIT License
最后发布时间2022-07-25 01:30:59
首次发布2018-04-11 18:58:33
最后一次提交2022-07-25 01:30:59
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